Saturday, 28 Nov 2020
FEATURES
20/11/2020 09:08 PM

By Melati Mohd Ariff

This is a round-up of COVID-19 related matters in Malaysia and globally from Nov 14 up to 8.00 pm today. In Malaysia, case numbers have exceeded 52,000 and globally, the virus has infected more than 57 million people and caused over 1.3 million deaths. More than 200 countries and territories are affected by the pandemic.

KUALA LUMPUR (Bernama) – Starting with just three positive cases that were reported on Jan 25, Malaysia’s cumulative COVID-19 cases have now gone past the 52,000 mark while active cases have reached a new high of over 13,000.

Today, 958 new cases were recorded, bringing the nation’s total COVID-19 infections to 52,638 and active cases to 13,221.

Throughout the week under review (Nov 14-20), except for today and Wednesday, daily new cases reported exceeded 1,000. On Saturday (Nov 14), there were 1,114 new infections, Sunday (1,208), Monday (1,103), Tuesday (1,210) and yesterday (1,290). On Wednesday, 660 new cases were reported.

Globally, Malaysia is at the 84th spot among the list of countries hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. Singapore, with a total of 58,143 cases and 28 fatalities, occupies the 83rd spot.


The Ministry of Works has set more standard operating procedures for construction sites to curb the spread of the virus. --fotoBERNAMA (2020) ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Health director-general Tan Sri Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah told a media conference today that the three states that recorded the highest number of new cases today were Sabah at 512 cases (53.4 percent) and Selangor and Negeri Sembilan at 153 cases each.

Meanwhile, the number of COVID-19 patients discharged from hospital remained high this week. Today, there were 956 recoverees, bringing the total number of recovered cases to 39,088 (74.3 percent of total cases in the nation.)

 

DEATHS AND OTHER CASES


Soldiers patrolling Taman Meru 2C in Ipoh, Perak, where EMCO was enforced on Nov 20. --fotoBERNAMA (2020) ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Three more deaths were reported today and with this Malaysia’s COVID-19 death toll stands at 329 (0.6 percent of total cases). All three deaths occurred in Sabah.

Yesterday four fatalities were reported, on Wednesday four, Tuesday five, Monday four, Sunday three and Saturday two.

Twenty-one deaths reported between Nov 14 and Nov 20 occurred in Sabah. Perak reported four fatalities and Johor one during the same period.

Currently, 110 COVID-19 patients are being treated at the intensive care unit with 42 of them requiring respiratory aid.

 

EMERGENCY DECLARED IN BATU SAPI

Having learned a lesson from the sharp spike in COVID-19 cases after the Sabah state election on Sept 26, the Batu Sapi Parliamentary by-election scheduled for Dec 5 has been postponed.

The postponement was made possible following the proclamation of a state of emergency in Batu Sapi (in Sabah) by Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah.

The Sabah state election has been identified as the main factor that triggered the third wave of COVID-19 infections in Malaysia and the proclamation of emergency would prevent a fourth wave from erupting.


People are required to wear a mask when in public places. --fotoBERNAMA (2020) ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Senior Minister (Security) Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaacob, meanwhile, announced the enforcement of the Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO) in Kelantan beginning tomorrow until Dec 6.

He also announced that the CMCO will be lifted in Terengganu, Kedah (except Kulim district) and Johor (except Kota Tinggi and Mersing districts) with effect from tomorrow.

The CMCO was enforced in the Klang Valley on Oct 12 to curb the spread of the coronavirus following the third wave of infections that started on Sept 22.

The CMCO was extended to other states in the peninsula, except Perlis, Pahang and Kelantan, starting from Nov 9 up to Dec 6.

Dr Noor Hisham was earlier quoted as saying that the CMCO in several states could be lifted within two weeks if the infection curve is flattened.

 

R0 TARGET

MOH is targeting to attain an R-naught (R0) value or infectivity rate of below 0.5 in the next two to three weeks. The R0 value currently stands at between 1.1 and 0.9.

Dr Noor Hisham said the targeted R0 value can be achieved by stepping up public health activities to prevent and control infections.

The R0 value at the onset of the third wave (Sept 22) was 2.2 and it declined to 1.5 within two weeks and now stood at 1.0. The decline in the R0 value can be attributed to the enforcement of CMCO in the affected states.

The R0 value refers to the infectivity of a virus at the start of an outbreak within a community. Maintaining the R0 value below 1.0 will help in efforts to break the chain of COVID-19 infections in Malaysia.

 

STATUS ON COVID-19 CASES, NEW CLUSTERS


Civil Defence Force personnel at work. --fotoBERNAMA (2020) ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

According to the breakdown of today’s new cases, Sabah accounted for the highest number at 512 with 197 of them arising from clusters, including eight from the new Kasir cluster.

Selangor reported 153 new cases, 103 of which were from clusters, including 17 from the new Sri Jujur cluster.

Negeri Sembilan reported 153 cases as well, 140 of which were from clusters including one from the new OAD cluster.

Kuala Lumpur recorded 46 cases with 19 of them from clusters; Perak 24 cases including eight from the new Enggor cluster.

Penang reported 25 cases; Kedah 19; Johor nine, including five from the new Makmur cluster; Kelantan seven; Terengganu four; Sarawak two; Melaka two; Labuan one; and Putrajaya one.

 

GLOBAL COVID-19 STATISTICS


Current worldwide statistics on COVID-19 and COVID-19 case summary in Malaysia. www.coronatracker.com

According to CoronaTracker (which cites figures from various agencies including the World Health Organisation), the total number of COVID-19 cases worldwide at the time of writing this article stood at 57,324,718 (53,233,097 cases at the same time last Friday) and 1,367,435 deaths (1,301,818 last Friday). The total number of recoveries stood at 39,804,645.

The United States continues to head the list of badly-hit nations with 12,072,560 cases (10,873,936 last Friday) and 258,354 deaths (248,585 last week).

India is on the second spot with 9,006,079 cases and 132,223 deaths. 

Brazil is third with 5,983,089 cases and 168,141 fatalities. France is fourth with 2,086,288 cases and 47,127 deaths.

Another 54 countries have recorded cases exceeding 100,000, namely: 

Russia 2,015,608 cases (34,850 deaths), Spain 1,574,063 (42,291), United Kingdom 1,453,256 (53,775), Argentina 1,349,434 (36,532), Italy 1,308,528 (47,870), Colombia 1,225,490 (34,761), Mexico 1,019,543 kes (100,104), Peru 943,917 (35,446), Germany 878,209 (13,788), Iran 815,117 (43,417), Poland 796,798 (12,088), South Africa 759,658 (20,671), Ukraine 583,510 (10,369), Belgium 545,787 (15,025), Chile 536,012 (14,955), Iraq 529,226 (11,834), Indonesia 483,518 (15,503), Czechia 475,284 (6,740), Holland 461,612 (8,698), Bangladesh 438,795 (6,275), Turkey 425,628 (11,820), Philippines 412,097 (7,957),  Romania 383,743 (9,429), Pakistan 365,927 (7,248), Saudi Arabia 354,208  (5,710), Israel 326,331 (2,739), Canada 311,109 (11,186), Morocco 306,995 (5,013), Switzerland 280,648 (3,765), Portugal 236,015 (3,632), Austria 221,688  (2,054), Nepal 212,917 (1,259),  Sweden 196,446 (6,321),  Ecuador 182,250 (13,052), Jordan 163,926 (1,969), Hungary 156,949 (3,380), United Arab Emirates 154,101 (542), Panama 149,833 (2,907), Bolivia 143,569 (8,875), Kuwait 138,337 (857), Qatar 136,441 (235), Republic of Dominica 135,157 (2,293), Costa Rica 127,012 (1,588), Kazakhstan 123,097  (1,945), Armenia 121,979 (1,870), Oman 121,129 (1,360), Japan 120,815 (1,913),  Belarus 118,008 (1,067),  Guatemala 116,381 (4,008), Egypt 111,613 (6,495), Bulgaria 110,536 (2,530), Lebanon 110,037 (852),  Ethiopia 103,928 (1,601) and Honduras 103,488 (2,839). 

China, where the outbreak was first reported at end-December 2019, is now on the 59th spot with 86,381 cases while its death toll remains unchanged at 4,634. 

In Southeast Asia, the Philippines and Indonesia have joined the countries with more than 100,000 cases. Next is Myanmar with 73,322 cases (last Friday 65,598) and 1,650 deaths (1,508 last Friday).

Singapore now has 58,143 cases while its death toll remains at 28.  Thailand has recorded 3,892 cases while its death toll remains at 60, followed by Vietnam with 1,300 cases and 35 deaths.

Cambodia’s cases stay at 304 and its death tally remains zero. Brunei’s tally of 141 cases and two deaths, and Laos’ 23 cases and zero fatality remain unchanged.

 

COVID-19 BACKGROUND

According to the WHO website, its China country office was informed of cases of pneumonia that were detected in Wuhan on Dec 31, 2019. On Jan 7, the Chinese authorities confirmed that the novel coronavirus can be transmitted from human to human.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-COV).

A study of the virus’ genetic sequence suggested similarities to that seen in snakes and bats. China health officials identified the Huanan Seafood Market in Wuhan as the source of the transmission of the coronavirus.

On Feb 11, WHO announced the official name of the virus, COVID-19, which is an acronym for coronavirus 2019 – CO stands for corona, VI for virus and D for disease.

On Jan 30, WHO declared the coronavirus outbreak as a global emergency. By then, it had spread to 18 countries and caused 170 deaths. On March 11, COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by WHO.

WHO has described the COVID-19 outbreak as much more dangerous than the A H1N1 Influenza, also known as Swine Flu.

Swine Flu, which occurred between January 2009 and August 2010, infected more than 1.6 million people and caused 18,449 fatalities.

The International Monetary Fund has warned that the global economic recession caused by the COVID-19 pandemic will be worse than the Great Depression of the 1930s.

 

Translated by Rema Nambiar

BERNAMA


 

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