By Azman Ujang
KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 3 (Bernama) – The first ever overseas branch campus of a Japanese university is highly likely to be set up in Malaysia, Japanese Ambassador to Malaysia Dr Makio Miyagawa disclosed today.
He said as a policy, Japanese universities had never established any overseas branch campuses, but Japan's Ministry of Education recently changed the policy, inspired by a request from Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.
"Our Ministry of Education decided to meet the request from Tun Dr Mahathir and has already amended its regulations to allow Japanese universities to seek establishment overseas," he told Bernama in an interview.
Dr Miyagawa said the ministry had been approaching various universities inside Japan and the response so far had been fairly positive and the most positive was from Tsukuba University.
"There are a couple of others, but Tsukuba University is now standing in a front row. This state-owned university is one of Japan's oldest and it expanded its horizon to cover most of the research areas inside Japan, which has also produced Nobel Prize laureates," he added.
Dr Miyagawa said one issue that had to be tackled before this could become a reality concerned the university's status as an institution which is run with substantial subsidies by the government.
"The Japanese government has been consistently maintaining the policy for running the state-owned universities with reasonable fees so as to offer as equal opportunities as possible to both rich and poor families to choose the best and brightest for their students."
"So the problems we face seriously is although Tsukuba University is eager to set up a branch campus in Malaysia, they need a reasonable offer from Malaysian private or public sector for the compound and the buildings and the in-house facilities, at least at the early years," said the ambassador.
Another issue is the uncertainty over how many Malaysian or Southeast Asian students will enter the university and whether any scholarship may be provided if the fees are to rise. The university to create the first branch campus overseas should overcome such concerns.
He said this would require a collaboration with the Malaysian government, and he had been seeking to move ahead hand-in-hand to realise the prime minister's request.
Giving a background to this game-changer in Malaysia-Japan relations, Dr Miyagawa said when Dr Mahathir visited Japan in June, hardly a month after assuming office, he spoke of plans to resuscitate and rejuvenate the Look East Policy that he initiated when he was prime minister for the first time in 1980's.
The prime minister had said he might see a stronger demand inside Malaysia among youths to study in Japanese higher education institutions and this would be very costly.
So an idea occurred to him that, while increasing Look East Policy students to Japan, Malaysia could reduce the costs by inviting Japanese universities to set up branch campuses in Malaysia.
Dr Mahathir is a strong advocate for Malaysians to learn the values and ethics from Japan to strengthen the capacity for building the nation.
According to Dr Miyagawa, under the Look East Policy, at least 16,000 Malaysians had studied in Japan with Malaysian government scholarships, but there were far more Malaysian students who had studied in Japan on their own budget as well, adding that he had met many of the alumni who had been expanding their wings and contributing diligently to nation-building in Malaysia.
"This gives us in Japan a great pleasure and honour. Malaysia has already grown up and developed from a resource dependent economy to a service-centred and technology-driven economy.
"Bearing such development in mind, the Look East Policy from now should focus on the technologies and advanced services which have already been generated inside Japan to be transferred to Malaysian young entrepreneurs.
“Technology transfer and human resources development have been a long lasting policy of Japan in strengthening co-operation with Malaysia and other Southeast Asian nations," he said.