The Royal Regalia A Symbol Of The Sovereignty

By Ainul Huda Mohamed Saaid

KUALA LUMPUR (Bernama) -- The royal symbols of reign have long been used during official ceremonies in countries with monarchs such as Japan and England.

The royal regalia and insignia reflect the identity and image of the ruler and kingdom. Historically, the royal regalia have also been brought to wars, during hunting and when a ruler travels.

For Malaysia, a country that preserves its constitutional monarchy by electing the Yang Di-Pertuan as the monarch and head of state, there are royal regalia that have been passed down from one ruler to another since the country s independence.

The rakyat will be able to view them during the Installation of the 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong Sultan Muhammad V, this April 24.


The royal attire of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong for the installation ceremony includes the Muskat, Tengkolok Di-Raja (Royal Headwear), Pending Di-Raja (Royal Waist Buckle), the Keris Pendek Di-Raja (Royal Short Keris) and Keris Panjang Di-Raja (Royal Long Keris).

The Muskat is the official attire of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. Its design was inspired by the traditional garment of the people of the ancient kingdom of Muscat, know today as Oman. It is also the official dress of officials from the state of Kedah.

It was first worn in 1960 at the installation of the third Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Syed Putra Alhaj.

The thigh-long black wool robe with golden embroidery is passed down from one

Yang di-Pertuan Agong to another and is only worn during certain ceremonies, namely during His Majesty s Birthday and Installation as King, during official visits to the states across Malaysia and the opening of the Parliament sitting.

Also worn during the Installation is a black tengkolok with golden embroidery worn in a solek (form of tengkolok) originating from Negeri Sembilan called Dendam Tak Sudah. Affixed at the front of the tengkolok is an ornament bearing the shape of a crescent and a 14-pointed star. It is made of platinum and studded with 66 diamonds. In the centre of the star is the colourful crest of the Malaysian government.


The Pending Di-Raja (Royal Waist Buckle) is made of pure gold and decorated with 11 rubies with an engraved centrepiece featuring the Federation Crest. The belt is made of heavy ribbed silk and embroidered with floral motif in gold thread.

The Keris Pendek Di-Raja, meanwhile, is a short keris made using the steel from old daggers and has an ivory hilt and sheath. The hilt is called Hulu Pekaka and shaped like the head of the legendary bird Garuda.

The Keris Panjang di-Raja is the Federal Keris and is the symbol of power and authority. It is carried or worn only by the King.

The hilt and sheath is covered in gold with the Emblem of Malaysia and that of the eleven Peninsular Malaysia states engraved on the crosspiece.

Its blade was forged from steel taken from 11 keris from the 11 states. The hilt of the keris is in the form of a horse's hoof with decorations resembling the jering (Archidendron pauciflorum) fruit. This keris is worn by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on certain occasions only.


Cogan Alam (Sceptre of the Universe) is a silver mace measuring 162.66cm in length that symbolises temporal power. It consists of an orb mounted on a long shaft.

The orb is surmounted by a crescent and an eleven-pointed star of gold. At the centre of the orb, the crests of the eleven States of Malaya are embossed in gold. The orb is supported by four tigers while the shaft itself is decorated with six paddy stalks carved in gold.

Cogan Agama (Sceptre of Religion) meanwhile is a 155.04cm-long mace, also made of silver.

It consists of a large, conical-shaped head with a golden five-pointed star mounted on a long shaft. Quranic verses are embossed on the head and shaft.


The other regalia include ancient weapons of war such as the Cokmar (War Club), Pedang (Sword), and Sundang di-Raja (Royal Sword Keris).

The Cokmar are a pair of mace made of silver measuring 81.32cm each.

The Pedang, Keris Panjang (different from Keris Panjang di-Raja) and Sundang di-Raja are three ancient Malay weapons that have become part of the royal insignia.

Both the Keris Panjang and Sundang di-Raja have silver-gilt hilts and sheaths.

The royal symbol that also played an important role at official ceremonies is the 7m-long Payung Ubur-Ubur Kuning (yellow dome shaped umbrella). They are 20 in number and are their handles are made of silver. At the top of the Royal Umbrella is an eleven-pointed star and crescent.

Tombak Berambu, also 20 in number, has blades with three curved indentations. They are made from ancient spears collected from the states of Peninsular Malaysia.