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India Tops Suicide Rate In Southern, Eastern Asia In 2012: WHO
India's suicide rate was 21.1 per 100,000 people, according to the World Health Organisation's (WHO) Southeast Asian Region report published on Thursday.
A total of 258,075 people committed suicide in India in 2012, with 158,098 men and 99,977 women taking their own lives.
The report found southern and eastern Asia has the highest estimated suicide rate compared to other regions, with suicide rates peaking among the young and elderly.
"About 39 per cent of suicides in the Southeast Asian region were in low and middle-income countries," it said.
"This report, the first WHO publication of its kind, presents a comprehensive overview of suicide, suicide attempts and successful suicide prevention efforts worldwide," said Dr. Shekhar Saxena, director of Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO.
"We know what works. Now is the time to act," said Dr. Saxena.
The most suicide-prone countries in the world in 2012 were Guyana (44.2 per 100,000) followed by North Korea (38.5 per 100,000) and South Korea (28.9 per 100,000).
Sri Lanka came next with 28.8 per 100,000, Lithuania (28.2), Suriname (27.8), Mozambique (27.4), Nepal and Tanzania (24.9 each), Burundi (23.1), India (21.1) and South Sudan (19.8).
More than 800,000 people die by suicide every year with around one person every 40 seconds, said the report.
About 75 per cent of suicides occur in low and middle-income countries.
Pesticide poisoning, hanging and firearms are among the most common methods of suicide worldwide.
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